Clostridium difficile is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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MICROBIOLOGY

  • Spore-forming anaerobe, Gram-positive bacillus [Fig 1].
    • Found in human and animal feces, also in water and soils.
  • Produces toxins A and B that cause colitis in humans.
  • Occasionally grown in anaerobic cultures, rarely a cause of infection other than colitis.
  • Renamed Clostridioides difficile (2013) to differentiate from other members of Clostridium genus.

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Last updated: August 24, 2018

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TY - ELEC T1 - Clostridium difficile ID - 540134 A1 - Bartlett,John,M.D. Y1 - 2018/08/24/ PB - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540134/all/Clostridium_difficile ER -