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Clostridium difficile

Clostridium difficile is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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MICROBIOLOGY

  • Spore-forming anaerobe, Gram-positive bacillus [Fig 1].
    • Found in human and animal feces, also in water and soils.
  • Produces toxins A and B that cause colitis in humans.
  • Occasionally grown in anaerobic cultures, rarely a cause of infection other than colitis.
  • Renamed Clostridioides difficile (2013) to differentiate from other members of Clostridium genus.

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Last updated: August 24, 2018

Citation

Bartlett, John G. "Clostridium Difficile." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2018. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540134/all/Clostridium_difficile.
Bartlett JG. Clostridium difficile. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2018. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540134/all/Clostridium_difficile. Accessed March 23, 2019.
Bartlett, J. G. (2018). Clostridium difficile. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540134/all/Clostridium_difficile
Bartlett JG. Clostridium Difficile [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2018. [cited 2019 March 23]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540134/all/Clostridium_difficile.
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TY - ELEC T1 - Clostridium difficile ID - 540134 A1 - Bartlett,John,M.D. Y1 - 2018/08/24/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540134/all/Clostridium_difficile PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -