- Common pathogens listed. Often in heavily antibiotic-experienced patients, MRSA or Gram negatives predominate.
- S. pneumoniae
- Haemophilus influenzae
- Moraxella catarrhalis
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
- Mycobacterium avium complex may represent colonization or a true pathogen.
- Other non-tubercular mycobacteria (NTMs)
- Aspergillus fumigatus can lead to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in patients with asthma and cystic fibrosis. It can also colonize the airways of patients with chronic lung diseases.
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