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- Human infection arising from the third larval stage of an immature nematode.
- Roundworm of vertebrate animals.
- Gnathostoma with 13 known species, 6 of which are known to cause human infection.
- Gnathostoma spinigerum or Gnathostoma hispidum usual species infecting humans.
- Others known to cause human disease: G. nipponicum, G. malaysiae, G. binucleatum and G. doloresi.
- Lifecycle includes intermediate/paratenic hosts (freshwater fish, eels, frogs, snakes and birds) and definitive hosts (domesticated pigs, cats, dogs and wild animals), see lifecycle.
- Food-borne parasite, humans are accidental hosts.
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