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- Dimorphic fungus.
- At 37°C appears as an oval to round yeast cell variable in size, 4-40 μm.
- The classic "ship’s wheel" structure [Fig 1] represents a mother cell surrounded by narrow base budding daughter cells.
- Four different phylogenetic species (S1, PS2, PS3, PS4) confined to particular endemic regions.
- Autochthonous disease from southern Mexico to northern Argentina.
- Countries where there have been no reports of paracoccidioidomycosis (PM) include:
- Central America: Belize and Nicaragua
- South America: Chile, French Guiana, Guiana, and Suriname
- Paracoccidioides lutzzi causes a similar disease in humans, cases of PM due to P. lutzzi have only been reported in Brazil and Ecuador.
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