is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide
To view the entire topic, please sign in or purchase a subscription.
Official website of the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX), HIV, Diabetes, and Psychiatry Guides, powered by Unbound Medicine. Johns Hopkins Guide App for iOS, iPhone, iPad, and Android included. Explore these free sample topics:
-- The first section of this topic is shown below --
- Fastidious, Gram-negative facultative anaerobic coccobacillus of Neisseriaceae family.
- Labs may misidentify due to organism tendency for crystal violet dye retention, therefore appearing Gram-positive.
- β-hemolytic, catalase negative; will not grow on MacConkey agar.
- Polysaccharide capsule aids in virulence and invasive abilities.
- Part of normal oral/respiratory and GU flora, especially in children.
- Colonization rates:
- 0-6 mos: 1%
- 12 mos- 4 yrs: 10-28%, toward higher-end especially in daycare population)
- Adults: 1%
- Kingella kingae most frequent human pathogen.
- Other occasional species include K. dentrificans and K. oralis.
- Generally susceptible to many antibiotic classes.
-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please sign in or purchase a subscription --