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Some pathogens that may routinely cause lung abscesses/cavities. Lung abscesses often polymicrobial and involve oral flora.
- Mycobacteria: M. tuberculosis, MAI, M. kansasii, M. abscessus
- Also, almost any non-tubercular mycobacteria may produce an abscess/cavity.
- Fungi: Aspergillus, Cryptococcus, Coccidioides, Histoplasma, Blastomyces, Fusarium, Mucor, Rhizopus
- Parasitic: usually more cystic
- Hydatid cysts (Echinococcus)
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