Johns Hopkins Diabetes GuideComplications and ComorbiditiesMuscle Skin and Bone

Diabetes and Periodontal Disease

Karl J. Zeren, D.D.S.
Diabetes and Periodontal Disease is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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DEFINITION

  • Periodontitis: a local inflammatory process mediating destruction of periodontal tissues in the form of tooth loss, triggered by a bacterial insult in those genetically susceptible.
  • Periodontal pathogens are necessary but insufficient to provoke the disease process: ’susceptible host’ required.
  • Characterized by a systemic inflammatory host response.
  • Differences in clinical disease expression are related to both variations in pathogens and host response.

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Last updated: July 23, 2013