Johns Hopkins Diabetes GuideManagementLifestyle and Education

Nutrition for Type 1 Diabetes

Christine McKinney, RD, LDN, CDE, Thomas Donner, M.D., Emily Loghmani, MS, RD, LDN, CDE, Christopher Saudek, M.D.
Nutrition for Type 1 Diabetes is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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DEFINITION

  • The nutrition plan for type 1 diabetes (T1DM) integrates insulin therapy into a patient’s food choices and physical activity pattern.
  • The goal is to achieve and maintain glucose levels in the normal range and promote normal growth while avoiding both acute and chronic complications.
  • Nutrient intake should be modified to achieve and maintain healthy blood glucose, lipid levels, and blood pressure and to prevent, reduce or delay complications.
  • Refer to a registered dietitian for medical nutrition therapy (MNT) and diabetes self-management education (DSME).

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Last updated: January 23, 2014