Johns Hopkins Diabetes GuideManagementGeneral Principles

Hypoglycemia: Prevention and Treatment

Ari S. Eckman, M.D., Sherita Golden, M.D., M.H.S.
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DEFINITION

  • Blood glucose level ≤ 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L)
  • Clinically, hypoglycemia is suggested by typical symptoms (tremulousness, diaphoresis, tachycardia or mental status change) that is corrected by carbohydrate intake.
  • Most often, hypoglycemia is caused by too much insulin or oral hypoglycemic agent, or not enough food intake.

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Last updated: April 19, 2015