Elizabethkingia is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX) Guide.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Johns Hopkins Guides provide diagnosis, management, and treatment guidance for infectious diseases, diabetes, and psychiatric conditions. Explore these free sample topics:

Johns Hopkins Guides

~~ The first section of this topic is shown below ~~

MICROBIOLOGY

  • Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, non-fermenting Gram-negative bacillus. Main organism described as human pathogen in this class.
    • Previously known as Chryseobacterium meningosepticum, and prior to this, Flavobacterium meningosepticum.
    • Hardy organism found in water, soil--ubiquitous in hospital environments.
    • Positive findings for catalase, oxidase and indole. Growth is better at 40°C.
    • Multi-drug resistance the norm including carbapenems:
      • Class A extended-spectrum β-lactamases and Metallo-β-lactamases, BlaB (subclass B1) and GOB (subclass B3) described.
  • E. miricola: usually multi-drug resistant.
  • E. anophelis: typically identified through MALDI-TOF.
    • Outbreak (2015-2016) in Wisconsin and Michigan.
    • May be less drug resistant than E. meningoseptica.

~~ To view the remaining sections of this topic, please
or purchase a subscription ~~

Last updated: April 6, 2016