Mycetoma is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX) Guide.

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MICROBIOLOGY

  • Mycetoma: nonspecific term describing chronic infectious process either due to bacteria (actinomycetoma) or fungi (eumycetoma).
    • Eumycetoma: caused by a variety of fungi most commonly Madurella spp. including dematiaceous fungi.
    • Actinomycetoma: caused by Gram positive, filamentous higher bacteria (Actinomyces spp., Nocardia spp.); important to distinguish by culture from eumycetoma to direct appropriate therapy.

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Last updated: December 2, 2015