Filariasis is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX) Guide.

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MICROBIOLOGY

  • Nematode parasite transmitted by mosquitoes.
  • Most disease caused by species of tissue-dwelling nematodes, agents of lymphatic filiariasis:
    • Wuchereria bancrofti (Asia, Africa, Latin America, Pacific islands)
    • Onchocerca volvulus (Africa >> Latin America, Middle East)
    • Brugia malayi (South-east Asia)
    • Brugia timori (Indonesia)
  • Transmitted by night- or day-biting mosquitoes (Anopheles, Culex).
  • Other less common species involved include Mansonella perstans, M. streptocerca, and M. ozzardi.
  • See Loa loa or Onchocerca volvulus modules for information on these filarial parasites.

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Last updated: May 29, 2016