Chikungunya virus is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX) Guide.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Johns Hopkins Guides provide diagnosis, management, and treatment guidance for infectious diseases, diabetes, and psychiatric conditions. Explore these free sample topics:

Johns Hopkins Guides

~~ The first section of this topic is shown below ~~

MICROBIOLOGY

  • Chikungunya virus (CHKV): single positive strand RNA arbovirus of family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus.
    • Name taken from the East African/Mozambique Makonde language "that which bends up," believed to describe contortions due to severe joint pain.
  • Human infection is vector-borne, primarily mosquitoes.
    • Recent outbreak (2005-2006) in Indian Ocean islands may represent more virulent strain than historically as complications (meningoencephalitis, multiorgan dysfunction) and death reported more frequently.
  • Human disease, especially arthropathy, similar to alphavirus Ross River virus infection.

~~ To view the remaining sections of this topic, please
or purchase a subscription ~~

Last updated: April 4, 2016