Acanthamoeba is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX) Guide.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Johns Hopkins Guides provide diagnosis, management, and treatment guidance for infectious diseases, diabetes, and psychiatric conditions. Explore these free sample topics:

Johns Hopkins Guides

~~ The first section of this topic is shown below ~~

MICROBIOLOGY

  • Free-living amoeba known to infection humans: Acanthamoeba spp, Naegleria fowleri, Balamuthia mandrillaris and Sappinia pedata. [13]
  • Ubiquitous, isolated worldwide from soil, air, fresh & salt water.
  • 2 stage life cycle:
    1. Actively feeding & dividing trophozoite
    2. Dormant cyst (double-walled, wrinkled cyst) which is resistant to chlorine and antibiotics. Encystation occurs under stress. [8]
  • Described as “Trojan horses,” they can also harbor intracellular bacteria. [13]

~~ To view the remaining sections of this topic, please
or purchase a subscription ~~

Last updated: August 19, 2015