- Microsporidia are protists related to fungi, not parasites.
- Five genera (Enterocytozoon, Encephalitozoon, Septata, Pleistophora, & Nosema), as well as unclassified microsporidial organisms may be associated with human disease. The first two genera listed are the most frequently encountered.
- Sources of infection & modes of transmissi, likely zoonotic and/or waterborne.
- Spores are quite resistant to environmental conditions and can remain infectious for several years, particularly if protected from desiccation.
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