- Acute: Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Clostridium difficile, E. coli (enteroaggregative EAEC), S. aureus, Vibrio parahemolyticus, Yersinia, norovirus & other viruses (calicivirus, astrovirus, adenovirus).
- Chronic: Cryptosporidium, microsporidia, MAC, CMV, Cyclospora, Giardia, Isospora, Entamoeba histolytica, Strongyloides, HIV enteropathy, & causes of acute diarrhea (especially Salmonella).
- CD4 < 50: Cryptosporidium, microsporidia, CMV, MAC.
- Pathogen-negative, chronic, large-volume diarrhea: KS or lymphoma.
- Non-infectious causes: adverse drug reactions (PIs), inflammatory bowel disease, dietary (milk, sorbitol, caffeine), malabsorption, endocrine disease.
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