- Escherichia coli (80-85%)
- Staphylococcus saprophyticus (3-8%)
- Group B beta-hemolytic Streptococcus (GBS, 1-2%)
- Uncommon: other Enterobacteriaceae, Enterococcus spp.
- Others less common: P. aeruginosa, group D streptococci, H.influenzae, M. tuberculosis, anaerobes, salmonella, shigella, adenovirus type 11, ureaplasma, and mycoplasma spp.
- Chlamydia trachomatis can cause urethritis with dysuria and pyuria but is not associated with cystitis or acute pyelonephritis.
Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy was found in Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.
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