Mycobacterium avium-complex (MAC, MAI, non-HIV)
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- M. avium and M. intracellulare are slow growing mycobacteria (10-21 days on solid media).
- M. intracellulare principally causes pulmonary disease.
- M. avium principally causes disseminated disease (among immunocompromised people).
- Environmental sources, especially water, are the reservoir for most human infections.