- Budding yeast, capable of >10 diseases
- C. albicans (compared to non-albicans species) causes ~100% oropharyngeal (OPC), 90% vulvovaginitis candidiasis.
- Normal commensals of skin, GI & GU tracts. Difficulty is often separating invasive disease from asymptomatic colonization.
- C. albicans: germ-tube positive (early hyphal-like extensions at 24hrs of culture, although ~5% may be initially called germ-tube negative).
- C. dubliniensis may the other yeast routinely germ-tube positive.
- All other Candida spp. germ tube negative, see Candida species module.
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