Skiest DJ, Crosby C
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Division of Infectious Diseases, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75390-9113, USA.
SourceAIDS 2003 Aug 15; 17(12)
To determine the effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on survival in AIDS-related primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL).
Survival in consecutive patients with PCNSL at a large county teaching hospital from 1995 to 2001 were analyzed by the log rank test and Cox proportional hazards ratios (HR) were calculated for factors potentially affecting survival.
During the study period, 25 patients were diagnosed with PCNSL: 19 definite and 6 probable. At diagnosis, median CD4 cell count was 12 x 10(6) cells/l (range 1-151) and median HIV viral load was 5.3 log(10) copies/ml (range 3.9-5.9). Sixteen patients died (median survival 87 days; range, 0 to > 2112). Longer survival was noted for patients who received HAART after diagnosis [HR for death, 0.06; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.01-0.48]. Six of seven HAART-treated patients were alive versus 0/18 untreated patients at a median follow-up time of 667 days (P = 0.0007 by log rank test). A survival benefit was seen for patients who had >/= 0.5 log(10) copies/ml decrease in HIV viral load after diagnosis (n = 6; HR, 0.07; 95% CI, 0.01-0.55) and for patients with a significant CD4 cell rebound (increase >/= 50 x 106 cells/l) in response to HAART (n = 6): all survived versus 0/19 survived (P = 0.0003). Cranial radiation therapy (n = 13) prolonged survival (HR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.07-0.58). Median survival was only 29 days for 11 patients who received neither radiation nor HAART.
Receipt of HAART after diagnosis is associated with a significantly longer survival in patients with AIDS-related CNS lymphoma.
MeshAcquired Immunodeficiency SyndromeAdultAnti-HIV AgentsAntiretroviral Therapy, Highly ActiveCD4 Lymphocyte CountCentral Nervous System NeoplasmsFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHumansLymphoma, AIDS-RelatedMaleMiddle AgedProportional Hazards ModelsSurvival RateViral Load
Journal Article Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.